Pressure-swirl spray in a low-turbulence cross-flow
Pressure-swirl atomizers (PSAs) produce fine spray and are used in many industrial, chemical and agricultural applications of sprays in flowing environments. The study examines spray from a small low-pressure PSA exposed to low-turbulence cross-flowing air. The PSA spray was investigated experimentally using phase Doppler anemometry (PDA) and high-speed visualisation (HSV). The atomizer sprayed water into cross-flowing air at varying flow velocities. The tests were performed at a newly developed wind tunnel facility in the Spray laboratory at Brno University of Technology. PDA results contain information on the size and velocity of individual droplets in multiple positions of the developed spray (after the liquid break-up is completed). A high-speed camera (HSC) documented the complexity of the liquid discharge, the formation and break-up of the liquid film, and the spray morphology. The data is relevant to CFD engineers and scientists involved in modelling as they can highlight the crucial phenomena to be considered in numerical simulations of the disperse two-phase flow case. The case allows to study 1) liquid discharge and sheet formation, the primary break-up of the liquid sheet, 2) secondary break-up and spray formation and 3) the interaction of the sprayed liquid with surrounding air: gas–liquid mixing, droplet collisions, droplet clustering and droplet reposition.
Figure 1b: Atomizer in the test section of the wind tunnel, optical measurement of the spray using PDA (taken from )
- O. Cejpek, Design and realization of an aerodynamic tunnel for spraying nozzles [online]. Brno, 2020 [cit. 2023-04-18]. Available from: https://www.vutbr.cz/studenti/zav-prace/detail/124871. Master thesis. Brno university of Technology
Contributed by: Ondrej Cejpek, Milan Maly, Ondrej Hajek, Jan Jedelsky — Brno University of Technology
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