Cylinder-wall junction flow
Underlying Flow Regime 3-35
We applied Large Eddy Simulation as well as Particle Image Velocity experiments on the flow around a cylinder mounted vertically on a flat rigid plate. The the so-called horseshoe vortex system, which occurs in front of the cylinder an wraps around it, is highly dynamic and generates large turbulent kinetic energy. The dynamics of the horseshoe vortex itself is linked to the dynamics of a wall-parallel jet under the vortex, pointing in the upstream direction. This jet exerts highly amplified shear stress to the bottom plate. This study follows a dual approach by studying this flow configuration numerically as well as experimentally. Both data sets refer to the same set-up, but were acquired independently and are made accessible at the end of the section Evaluation.
The results presented show the time-averaged streamlines visualizing the main flow structure. The distribution of the c-shaped turbulent kinetic energy and its budget terms such as mean convection, production, transport and dissipation are shown as well. Furthermore, selected profiles of the velocity components and the Reynolds stresses, the pressure coefficient and the friction coefficient are presented.
In general, the numerical and experimental results do agree with each other. However, slight deviations are visible such as the time-averaged position of the vortex system. To ease the comparison of the velocity profiles at the same positions relative to the vortex system, we introduced an adjusted horizontal coordinate. The data presented below was evaluated at distinct horizontal positions in this adjusted coordinate system and is thus located at the same positions relative to the vortex in both numerical and experimental datasets.
Contributed by: Ulrich Jenssen, Wolfgang Schanderl, Michael Manhart — Technical University Munich
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