# UFR 3-12 References

# Stagnation point flow

Underlying Flow Regime 3-12 © copyright ERCOFTAC 2004

## References

Camci, C., Arts, T. (1985a), "Short Duration Measurements and Numerical Simulation of Heat Transfer Along the Suction Side of a Film-Cooled Gas Turbine Blade", *J. Eng. Power*, **107**, 991 – 997.

Camci, C., Arts, T. (1985b), "Experimental Heat Transfer Investigation Around the Film-Cooled Leading Edge of a High-Pressure Gas Turbine Blade", *J. Eng. Power*, **107**, 1016 – 1021.

Camci, C., Arts, T. (1990), "An Experimental Convective Heat Transfer Investigation Around a Film-Cooled Gas Turbine Blade", *J. Eng. Power*, **112**, 497 – 503.

Consigny, H,. Richards, B.E. (1983), "Short Duration Measurements of Heat Transfer Rate to a Gas Turbine Rotor Blade", ASME Journal of Engineering for Power, Vol. 104, No. 3, July, pp. 542 – 551

Durbin, P. A. (1996), "On the k-3 Stagnation Point Anomaly", *Int. J. Heat and Fluid Flow*, **17**, 1, 89 – 90.

Laurence, D. (2002), "Applications of Reynolds Averaged Navier Stokes Equations to Industrial Flows", *Von Karman Inst. Lect. Series: Introduction to Turbulence Modelling*.

Kato, M., Launder, B.E. (1993), "The Modelling of Turbulent Flow Around Stationary and Vibrating Square Cylinders", *9 ^{th} Symposium on Turbulent Shear Flows*, Kyoto, Japan, August 16-18, pp. 10-4-1 – 10-4-6

Køllgaard Voigt, L. (2000), "Comparison of Turbulence Models for Numerical Calculation of Airflow in an Annex 20 Room", *International Center for Indoor Environment and Energy*, Dept. of Energy Engineering, Tech. University of Denmark, http://www.ie.dtu.dk/prev_res_results/January00.asp

Kral, L.D., Mani, M. and Ladd, J. (1996), "Application of Turbulence Models for Aerodynamic and Propulsion Flowfields", *AIAA J.*, **34**, 11, 2291 – 2298.

Ligrani, P.M., Camci, C., Grady, M.S. (1982) "Thin Film Heat Transfer Gauge Construction and Measurement Details", VKI TM 33, November

Medic, G. (2001), "Flow Problem Without Cooling", *link to Stanford broken*

Medic, G., Durbin, P.A. (2002), "Toward Improved Prediction of Heat Transfer on Turbine Blades", *J. Turbomach.-Trans. ASME*, **124**, 2, 187 – 192.

Menter, F.R. (1992), "Influence of Freestream Values on k-ω Turbulence Model Predictions", *AIAA J.*, **30**, 6, 1657 – 1659.

Menter, F.R. (1994), "Two-Equation Eddy-Viscosity Turbulence Models for Engineering Applications", *AIAA J.*, **32**, 8, 1598 – 1605.

Menter, F.R., Grotjans, H., Unger, F. (1997), "Numerical Aspects of Turbulence Modelling for Reynolds Averaged Navier-Stokes Equations", *Von Karman Inst. Lect. Series 1997-02 on Computational Fluid Dynamics*, Rhode Saint Genese.

Rodi, W. and Scheurer, G. (1986), "Scrutinizing the k-ε Turbulence Model under Adverse Pressure Gradient Conditions", *ASME J. Fluid Eng.*, **108**, 174 – 179.

Schultz, D.L., Jones, T.V. (1973) "Heat Transfer Measurements in Short Duration on Hypersonic Facilities", AGARDograpg 165

STAR-CD, *Version 3.10 — Methodology*, 1999, Computational Dynamics Limited.

Strahle, W.C. (1985), "Stagnation Point Flows with Freestream Turbulence — The Matching Condition", *AIAA J.*, 2**3**, 11, 1822 – 1824.

Versteeg, H.K., Malalasekera, W. (1996), "Turbulence and its Modelling", *An Introduction to Computational Fluid Dynamics*, Chapter 3, Longman.

Yakhot, V., Orszag, S.A., Tangham, S., Gatski, T.B. and Speciale, C.G. (1992), "Development of Turbulence Models for Shear Flows by a Double Expansion Technique", Phys. Fluids, A4 (7).

Wilcox, D.C., (1993), *Turbulence modeling for CFD*, La Cañada, California.

[1] The prediction of the mean flow in the vicinity of the stagnation point of e.g. a bluff body is not affected.

© copyright ERCOFTAC 2004

Contributors: Beat Ribi - MAN Turbomaschinen AG Schweiz